All The Things You Need To Know About The Papillon Dog

It’s not every day you see a dog with butterfly ears.

So when the French took one look at the Papillon, all they could think of was “The Little Butterfly” — papillon being the French word for butterfly.

As cute as the Papillon is, he’s more than his unique ears.

His looks may give you the impression that he’s a sweet, docile pooch, but we can assure you he’s anything but.

A Basic Overview of the Papillon

You wouldn’t know it from his looks, but the Papillon is actually a type of spaniel. In fact, one of his other names includes “Epagneul Nain Continental” (“Continental Toy Spaniel”).

The Papillon breed has two varieties. One has the butterfly-shaped ears we normally associate with the dog, while the other is drop-eared and is called the Phalène (“moth-eared”).

Both varieties have long, flowing coats that make them look like tiny pom-poms.

They’re also both particolored; that is, mostly white with patches of other colors around their face, back and tail.

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At only 11 inches tall, the Papillon seems like the ideal size to be a lap dog.

However, he has a level of energy that belies his small size, and may not take too well to sitting on your lap for hours on end while you’re binging Netflix.

The Papillon is a healthy breed, with a lifespan between 12 to 15 years.

If you’re looking for a cute family dog who’s feistier than he looks and can stay with you for a while, look no further than the Papillon.

What is the Personality of the Papillon?

The Papillon’s personality can be summed up in three Ss: Smart, spunky and sociable.

Papillons learn new tricks very quickly, and are eager to show off whenever they can.

These dogs are always on the lookout for adventure, so don’t be surprised if you have to chase after them every now and then.

Also, despite their size, they’re not the sort of dogs to back down easily.

They possess the alertness and protectiveness of a guard dog, and if you’re not careful, your Papillon could end up in situations that are way over his head.

Guarding instincts aside, the Papillon is an outgoing, energetic pooch who spreads love and happiness wherever he goes.

A well-socialized Papillon can get along with visitors, animals and practically everyone he meets.

However, he’s not recommended for families with very young children.

Since babies and toddlers tend to tug and pull at anything that catches their curiosity (i.e. a dog’s fur), your Papillon could get irritated and bite back in anger.

For the most part though, and if he’s been socialized from a young age, Papillons are pretty easy to deal with.

Given the choice to bring you sparkles and sunshine or not, it’s obvious which one he’ll choose every time.

Papillon Dog

History and Background of the Papillon

The earliest portrayals of the Papillon date back to the 1500s, when artists like Tiziano Vecelli (a.k.a. Titian) captured their likeness in works like “Venus of Urbino.”

Other artists who have used the Papillon as a model include Fragonard, Gonzales Coques, Mignard, Paolo Veronese and Watteau.

With the Papillon’s combination of silky looks and steely personality, it’s probably no surprise that these dogs were a hit with European royal families.

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They were also popular with merchants, who brought them to countries like France, England, Belgium, Italy and Spain.

It wasn’t until 1935, however, when the American Kennel Club officially recognized the breed.

Since the time of King Louis XIV of France, the Papillon hasn’t changed much.

It currently ranks 35th out of 155 breeds registered with the AKC, and is beloved by celebrities like Christina Aguilera and Lauren Bacall.

Are Papillons Playful and Fun?

Don’t let their 10-pound frame fool you. Papillons are firecrackers.

Once a Papillon picks up a new trick, he’ll waste no time trying to show off.

He’ll gladly let you film him as he rolls over, dances on his hind legs, and does everything to make his audience “ooh” and “aah.”

When it comes to Papillons, you need to make sure they’re never bored.

Otherwise, you’ll find yourself having to clean up after your Papillon, as he turns your house into a haven for his “prizes” (e.g. dead rats).

That said, his idea of “fun” may not always be the same as that of his playmates.

As mentioned earlier, it’s best to keep him away from small children, as there’s a good chance that one (or both) parties will get hurt badly.

How Much Exercise Does a Papillon Need?

Papillon Dog

It depends. Some Papillons are more energetic than others, so you’ll need to pay close attention to tailor an exercise routine specially for your dog.

If you’re not sure how active your dog is (or needs to be), start with simple exercises.

Take him for a 20- to 30-minute brisk walk around the block. Gradually increase the walking distance over time, and see how he responds.

If he doesn’t have any problems keeping up, it should be safe to “graduate” him to more intense exercises, like 6-mile hikes.

You can also spice up his routine by having him fetch a ball thrown across the room, or playing “Hide and Seek” in the backyard.

But if he’s the rare Papillon who’d rather lie in a couch all day than run across the room, no need to force the issue.

Like humans, Papillons work best when they’re given the freedom to move at their own pace.

That’s not to say you shouldn’t exercise him at all. If both of you are up for a short walk, then go for it!

What are the Grooming Needs of the Papillon?

Unlike other dogs with long hair, Papillons aren’t prone to matting.

That’s because their coat only has a single layer, and is made up of straight, fine and silky hairs.

At most, they only need to be brushed twice a week to keep their hair smooth and healthy.

Also, unless your Papillon gets himself completely covered in dirt, you don’t need to bathe him too often.

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He doesn’t emit the usual “doggie” odor, so letting him go for weeks without a shower shouldn’t be a problem.

If you want a general rule of thumb for bathing a Papillon, give him a wash once a month.

That should be enough to keep him clean, but not to the point of stripping his skin and hair of essential oils.

As you bathe or brush your Papillon, take a closer look at his ears, eyes and other parts for signs of swelling and infection.

You’ll also want to clip his toenails in case they get too long for his comfort.

Overall, Papillons are relatively low-maintenance.

If you get him used to grooming at a young age, he shouldn’t be too troublesome to clean as an adult.

Papillon Dog

Are Papillons Easy to Train?

If you’re the sort of owner who is patient yet firm, you’ll find it very easy to train a Papillon.

The key to training a Papillon (and dogs in general) is to start young.

Clue them in on the basics, like “Sit,” “Stay” and “Heel.”

Take them outside every time they need to answer the call of nature, so that they’ll learn to associate “soil” with “toilet.”

Give them treats if they do a good job, and avoid screaming at them if they don’t.

Remember that the Papillon is a pack animal, and therefore responds best to a strong yet kind leader.

Be consistent when enforcing the rules (e.g. don’t give them a treat despite ripping your curtains in half), but don’t punish him for breaking those same rules.

If your Papillon thinks of training as a fun learning experience, he’ll always look forward to it.

But if he associates training with cruelty and pain, he’ll likely lash out and engage in problematic behavior.

If you’re not sure you’re up to the task of training a Papillon, sign him up for an obedience class instead.

How Much Does a Papillon Puppy Cost?

The price of a Papillon puppy depends on where you get him from.

For example, dogs from rescue groups can cost as little as $100. However, keep in mind that these dogs may have behavioral and health issues, which could make them more expensive in the long run.

On average, prices for Papillons can range from $500 to as high as $6,000. Depending on his pedigree, health, papers, and suitability as a show dog, you may have to pay higher or lower for a Papillon puppy.

Don’t forget to account for the annual costs of caring for a Papillon. For food, supplies, training, visits to the veterinarian and the like, it’s safe to set aside $1,500 to $2,000 a year.

What’s not to love about Papillons? They’re beautiful, spunky and relatively low-maintenance. If you agree, or even (and especially!) if you don’t agree, let’s hear your thoughts in the comments.

Maltese: Everything You Need To Know About This Playful Little Dog

Meet the pooch that Aristotle called a “cloud floating in the sky.”

That’s right: The Maltese has been around long enough for ancient Greek philosophers to talk about (and coo over) him.

If you’re cooing over him too, here’s what you need to know about the majestic yet mischievous Maltese.

A Basic Overview of the Maltese

The Maltese belongs to the bichon family, or dogs that are small yet long-haired.

At 10 inches tall and 8 pounds, this toy dog can snuggle comfortably in your lap.

Unlike his relatives, the Toy Poodle and Bichon Frisé, the Maltese has a single-layer coat of straight silky hairs, which are long enough to touch the floor.

You can also find varieties that have curly hair, though these aren’t considered suitable for show.

Because long hair can be impractical to groom, many Maltese owners give their pooches a “puppy cut,” which makes them look like messy-haired Bichon Frisés.

Fortunately for people with delicate sinuses, Maltese are generally hypoallergenic.


Being an ancient breed, the Maltese has had several nicknames over the years, including “Canis Melitaeus,” “Melita,” “Maltese Lion Dog,” “ancient dog of Malta,” “Roman Ladies’ Dog,” “The Comforter,” “The Spaniel Gentle” and “Maltese Terrier,” to name a few.

As you’re about to see, there’s a good reason for all these monikers.

The Maltese is one of those dogs that can’t seem to stay still. He’s either doing something, or looking for something to do.

If you’re not ready to handle such a huge amount of energy from such a small dog, the Maltese may not be for you.

But if you have the gregarious personality to match his, or at least the willingness to humor him whenever he wants to get moving, the Maltese can be the perfect canine companion.

Not only can he bring light and sunshine into your life, but he’ll also be more than happy to spread the fun around.

How Much Exercise Does a Maltese Need?

If your Maltese is younger than 9 months old, you need to be careful not to over-exercise him.

His bones and muscles are still developing at that age, so anything too strenuous can hurt his growing body.

Even when he’s already an adult (or around a year old), a Maltese doesn’t have to be exercised as much as larger sporting breeds are.

You can take him for a 20- to 30-minute walk twice a day every day, and still meet his exercise requirements.

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If possible, stick to a schedule when walking your Maltese. That way, as soon as you take out the leash, your Maltese will know that it’s time to get moving.

Also, don’t forget to let him use the “bathroom” before hitting the road.

In case walks get too boring for him, add games like “Fetch” and “Find It” into his repertoire.

If your Maltese is especially outgoing, don’t be afraid to let him play with other dogs. As long as you keep a close watch on them, no one is going to get hurt.

What are the Grooming Needs of the Maltese?

When you’re as hirsute as a Maltese, an intense grooming regimen is a must.

Whether he has a straight silky coat or a “puppy cut,” a Maltese needs to be brushed at least once a day.

Daily brushing keeps his coat from matting, and removes any dirt that might’ve gotten tangled into his hair.

Depending on how often he gets dirty, you can bathe your Maltese once a week, or once every three weeks.

Because his face is almost entirely covered with hair, a Maltese is prone to “tear stains,” or brownish patches around the eyes.

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He is also be prone to face stains due to dipping his head into the food bowl, or poking his nose into places where it shouldn’t be.

If you see any stains on your Maltese’s face, gently remove them using a soft cloth dipped in warm water.

You should also check his ears every now and then for signs of infection, like redness and foul odor.

Take a look inside his mouth, and brush his teeth regularly to prevent buildup of tartar and other bacteria.

While you’re at it, trim his hair and nails whenever they get too long for comfort.

It’s better to get him used to grooming at an early age, since he won’t be too upset every time you take out a brush.

But if he’s always squeamish about grooming sessions, you’ll want to take him to a professional groomer instead.

Are Maltese Easy to Train?

Chances are, your Maltese is a smart pooch, so teaching him new tricks shouldn’t take too long.

Teach him the basics like “doing his business” outside the house, getting used to a leash, and following basic commands like “Sit,” “Stay” and “Heel.”

Be consistent and firm when you’re training him (e.g. don’t pat him on the head for biting your heel), but try to use positive reinforcement as much as possible.

Maltese are sensitive dogs, and won’t respond well to being spanked or screamed at.

Some Maltese owners report that their dogs can get too yappy at times.

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If that’s the case with your Maltese, teach him the “Quiet” command using a training clicker.

Whenever he stops barking, say “Quiet,” click the training clicker and give him a treat afterwards.

Do this often enough, and your Maltese will learn that “Quiet” means “stop barking.”

Alternatively, you can identify the triggers for his barking and act accordingly.

For example, if he barks whenever a certain person is around, put him in a crate before that person comes over, and gently reassure your dog that everything will be all right.

How Much Does a Maltese Puppy Cost?

Considering his history as an aristocratic dog, it should come as no surprise that the Maltese is one of the priciest pooches around.

In the U.S., you can expect to pay upwards of $2,000 for a Maltese puppy.

That’s for a show quality dog with papers, a superior pedigree and a clean bill of health.

You should also budget roughly the same amount for his yearly upkeep, which includes visits to the vet, supplies, toys, food, grooming and the like.

If you want to save money on a Maltese, try adopting from a shelter.

However, keep in mind that dogs from shelters usually have behavioral issues, which can be difficult to deal with unless you’re a dog training expert.

Maltese are cute, sweet-tempered dogs, but that doesn’t mean you should buy any of them willy-nilly.

Just like other dogs, you need to get to know him first, and carefully assess whether he’s the right dog for you.

As always, let us know in the comments what you think of our Dog of the Day!

Afghan Hound: Everything You Need to Know About this Dog

There is an air of regalness that surrounds an Afghan.

They seem to know that something good is coming their way. The people who owned these Afghanistan exports swear they are the most faithful dogs.

And other people say they are just too darn finicky for their own good. So this breed is for special people who don’t mind being upstaged by their dogs when they are in public.

The Afghan breed checks all the right boxes in terms of getting along with other pets and being great with kids.

Training can be tedious because the breed is so independent. Afghans are not afraid to spend time alone, unlike other breeds.

They are not big fans of constant petting and at times, you may not be able to touch them at all.

This dignified breed with a highly personalized personality needs special grooming. Some owners know how to groom them the right way. But because of their thick, long, silky hair, most owners take their Afghan to a professional.

If you don’t mind moderate shedding, and you like to get daily exercise, then an Afghan may be for you.

And if you are into dog shows, the Afghan has a winning record at the Westminster Dog Show. Afghans won Best of Show in 1957 and 1983.

An Overview of The Afghan Hound Dog

Afghan Hounds have a lot of names. In the U.S., they are just Afghan Hounds, but in other parts of the world, they can be called Tazi, Tazhi Spay, Da Kochyano Spay, Ogar Afgan, Sage Balochi, Persian Greyhound and Eastern Greyhound.

And if you like a large selection of color choices that include black, black and tan, black and silver, blue, blue and cream, cream, red, and silver, then an Afghan may be on your short list.

But these 44 to 75 lbs., 24 to 27-inch dogs with a lifespan of 12-14 years like to wander, and they have that “run after prey” mentality that could spoil your Saturday outing or a family picnic.

Another quality that potential Afghan owners forget to consider is their sensitivity level. They don’t like to get up close and personal with strangers.

But they can be affectionate, especially with children. They can tolerate hot and cold weather, and they can adapt to apartment living. As a bonus, they rarely drool.

In terms of health, Afghans can get sick easier than other breeds, but owners never have to worry about weight gain.

What is The Afghan’s Personality Profile?

Afghans are aloof members of the dog world, but they can also be quite comical. They are typically a one-family or one-person dog.

These members of the hound family don’t go out of their way to greet guests. They have a history of offending people because they are indifferent when it comes to most people.

Afghans are not barkers. Some Afghans may bark once or twice if they see a stranger so the breed isn’t known for its watchdog prowess.

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Trying to train an Afghan can be a serious challenge because these hounds can turn their nose up at treats and foods.

Even the trainers who work with them in show rings know how temperamental they are when commanded to do something special.

This delicate breed can go into withdrawal mode if someone is trying to be rough. Gentleness and patience go a long way if you own an Afghan.

Afghan’s History And Background

No one is sure how old the breed is. Most people start the Afghan history in Afghanistan. But Afghans are descendants of the Saluki breed which is another sight hunter group from Persia.

People living in Afghanistan call the breed Tazi, and according to several versions of Afghan history on the web, this breed is one of the oldest dog breeds. Their genes date back thousands of years.

The first Afghan breeder was an English officer who was in Kabul breeding dogs in the early 1920s.

Afghan hound

Hounds from his kennel managed to find their way to England in 1925, and Zeppo Marx brought one to the United States in 1926.

Afghans became one of the American Kennel Club breeds that same year. In 1940, the Afghan Hound Club of America got an AKC membership.

In the late 1970s, the Barbie doll gave the Afghan breed some additional press coverage.

Beauty, Barbie’s Afghan Hound, gave Mattel something to cheer about when little girls started to buy that Barbie edition.

In the 1980s, the breed hit the big time at the Westminster Dog Show when the breed won “Best of Show.” The last time an Afghan won was in 1957.

How Does An Afghan’s Playtime Compare To Other Dogs

If you’re looking for a dog that loves to mingle every time you are around, then an Afghan is not for you. They play on their own terms.

That means they may not be ready to play when you want to because, well, your Afghan has an anti-social gene running through its DNA.

But when kids are around or the dog’s owner is ready to play, Afghans usually get up and play, but it may not last very long.

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If they could talk, Afghans would probably say, “Let’s stay inside and chill.” But not all Afghans are that way.

Some have more energy than others, especially if they can chase something and then catch it. Finding prey and chasing it is an Afghan’s version of playtime.

This video will give you a good idea what to expect with this breed:

Does An Afghan Need A Lot Of Exercise?

The short answer is yes. They are sight hunters so they love to run and they like to wander.

If you’re thinking about an Afghan, you should consider the amount of exercise this breed needs. The breed has a fat-burning metabolism that most humans would love to have.

Weight is never an issue because these dogs stay active, and most of that activity can be alone if you have enough fenced property, or you have a lot of extra time on your hands to do an aerobic workout.

This breed is not for people who don’t have access to a dog park or a natural setting. They are apartment friendly, but in order for them not to pitch one of their shoe-eating, table biting, newspaper shredding hissy fits, you need some wide open spaces for them to roam.

But remember, Afghans are not very dog-friendly, so don’t get upset if your Afghan sits out at the park and just watches the other dogs.

Is It Hard To Groom An Afghan?

You might think you can groom an Afghan — until you get up close and personal. All that thick, silky hair can get knots and dirt in it. Getting tangles out requires time and patience.

The entire body is all hair except for the back. Even the ears and feet are hairy. The hair is like human hair in terms of texture, so grooming is a must

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Daily brushing and combing are a priority in order to prevent tangles that can be pretty obstinate. Grooming an Afghan is time-consuming and hard to do alone.

Afghan hound

It’s no job for a new owner, but the people who do the research and are willing to learn by trial and error can get pretty good at it.

However, most people think the only way to make an Afghan look regal is to take the dog to a professional groomer.

Training Your Afghan Hound

Most owners save themselves the time and the frustration that can make training an Afghan a nightmare. But owners with experience don’t mind training their Afghan the way they know how.

The Afghan is an independent dog, and it could take months for the dog to go potty outside. Getting an Afghan to stay where you want him or her to stay is another challenge.

Afghans respond to gentleness and love, but it may take time for them to respond. It’s almost like the breed knows what they should do, but they don’t do it until they are ready.

That makes training a long process unless you get a professional to help you.

What Is The Afghan Hound Price?

Prices vary, but Afghans are usually show dogs these days because no other dog has such an elegant and dignified look.

A puppy can cost as little as $800 and as much as $2,400. The price depends on the quality, gender, bloodline and the breeder.

If your breeder is trustworthy, you can expect to pay more than $1,000 for a healthy puppy with all the shots and registered paperwork.

A top show breeder can almost name his price.

The extra costs keep some people away from the Afghan breed. Owning an Afghan is like owning a racehorse to some people, and we all know how expensive and picky racehorses are.

Some people take a chance, and they go to the local dog adoption agency. They might find an Afghan with good bloodlines for $200 to $300.

The Afghan breed is a celebrity breed in the United States. Afghans display a special personality that has Academy Award-winning characteristics.

The people who own an Afghan know they have something special, and they are not afraid to pay for that specialness.

As we pointed out, Afghans have some issues — but when you are royalty, people tend to overlook those issues. Afghan owners truly fall into that category.

American Bulldog Breed: Everything You Need To Know About This Dog

american bulldog FI

A good example of a dog breed that has the confidence, social grace, and emotional personality to bond with their owners, even when the owner is less than attentive at times, is the American Bulldog.

A well-trained American Bulldog that has interaction with other dogs and other people can be a great pet as well, as a strong and determined protector.

This gentle, alert, and affectionate dog can be a big lap dog, as well as a brave and energetic hero when a Bulldog owner needs help.

American Bulldogs are part of the Guard Dog Group because of their personality traits, their 60 to 130-pound weight and their 24 to 28-inch height.

Plus, this hard-to-ignore dog makes a formable foe when provoked, and a docile giant when they are in a loving environment.

American Bulldogs need lots of exercise, and they are not afraid to establish themselves as pack leaders when to opportunity presents itself.

The American Bulldog Isn’t An English Bulldog

The American Bulldog and the English Bulldog are genetically related, but the two breed are like night and day these days, thanks to mixed breeding.

Although both breeds tend to drool, the English Bulldog is closer to the ground thanks to its Pug genes.

And the slow-moving and snore happy English bull is not as active.

It’s not uncommon for an American Bulldog to jump a three-foot fence and keep on going, while an English Bulldog would only smell the fence and go back to sleep.

However, the English Bulldog does play an important role in the character of the modern American Bulldog, according to

If it wasn’t for the English Bulldog’s heritage and stamina, the American Bulldog would not live as long as it does, or have the large head and muscular build that sets this breed apart from other breeds like the Pit-Terrier, Pit-Bull, and the Mastiff.

Even though the American Bulldog has Mastiff, as well as Pit-Terrier and Pit-Bull and other Molossers in its DNA, the breed stands on its own now.

Two Types of American Bulldog Breed

In the 1970s, two breeders decided to develop two different “hybrid” American Bulldog types in order to prevent the dog’s extinction, which almost happened during the 1940s.

The Johnson type, named after breeder John D. Johnson, and the Scott type of American Bulldog named after breeder Allen Scott, have different temperaments.

Although there is a slight physical resemblance, the dogs are different in several ways.

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The Johnson type comes from the old “yard dogs” that people in the south kept on the farm for protection when strangers decided to make an unannounced visit.

The Scott type is a descendant of the cattle and hog catching bulldogs that the English used when a man riding a horse couldn’t catch them because of too much brush or in heavily wooded areas.

The Scott breed of Bulldog makes a great family pet, but some people still train them to be part of that inhumane fighting practice.

American bulldog

How Does An American Bulldog’s Personality Compare To Other Breeds?

Even though the American Bulldog has aggressiveness built into its genetic makeup, they can be lovable and extremely friendly around kids and strangers when they get the right training.

The American Bulldog has a lifespan of 10 to 16 years, and for most of those years, the dog’s personality is upbeat, active, and very playful. But they require a lot of attention because of their emotionally-charged personalities.

Young dogs can be aloof, but the aloofness goes away as they mature. Early training in and outside the home is essential for both types of American Bulldogs.

Without proper training, they can get anxious, irritable, and out of control in a heartbeat.

Even though the two types of American bulls have farm utility dog genes that gave them the energy to catch and hold cattle and wild hogs, as well as stand guard on the farm, they are personable and friendly family pets these days.

Do The Two Types Have The Same Coloring And Characteristics?

Both the Johnson and the Scott type of American Bulldogs are strong looking dogs.

Both types have a smooth but coarse short coat, and they don’t shed much hair. White is the preferred color for both types, but patches of brindle, red, black, brown, fawn and different shades of brindle are common these days.

A blue American bulldog will not have the pedigree of its white brothers and sisters.

The NKC Breed Standard disqualifies blue bulldogs, but families have no problem loving them.

Black American bulls also are not welcome by NKC breed standards because that color is an undesirable cosmetic flaw.

Females tend to weigh 60 to 90 pounds while the males can weigh as much as 130 pounds. Females stand 20 to 24 inches tall, and males can reach 26 inches in height.

The female usually has a litter of 7 to 14 puppies. All the pups usually have brown eyes and a demeanor that screams “take me home.”

The Johnson type bulldog is usually a heavier dog with a shorter muzzle.

Both types have black pigmentation on their nose and their eye rims, but slightly pink look around those areas is also an acceptable color.

A Bulldog’s muzzle is square, deep, and it shows their power. The muzzle is about 35 percent of the head length, and the ears are rose or button form.

The tail must not go through the docking procedure. It should be long enough to reach the dog’s hocks. Bulldogs carry their tail above the back when they get excited or are on the move.

The Real American Bulldog History

In order to trace the history of the American Bulldog properly, we have to go back to days of the ancient Asian Mastiffs.

Nomads took Asian Mastiffs to Europe with them, and Phoenician traders brought a Mastiff strain to England in 800 B. C., so the Celts could catch wild boar and cattle with these brownish red or brindle big dogs.

The current English Mastiff and Bullmastiff have the same coloring and to some degree, they are direct descendants of Asian Mastiffs.

In 400 A. D. another breed of Mastiff, the Alaunt, hit the English shores.

The British farmers and butchers get the credit for turning that Mastiff into the first English bulldog.

That bulldog was the first dog to develop the lock-jaw-grip that bulldogs are so famous for.

Thanks to that strong grip, the early English bulldogs could throw a bull to the ground by twisting or corkscrewing his body when the bull was off balance in the middle of its stride.

Related: What You Need To Know About the Bullmastiff Dog Breed

English bulls were fighters back then, and when English coal miners crossed the dog with a scrappy terrier, they became gladiators in the English dog fighting rings.

Pure breed bulldogs were rare in England during the 19th century, but that didn’t stop the export of the dogs to the United States.

Today’s English bulldog is really a Pug-bulldog mix. The old working bulldogs went extinct in England during the beginning of the 19th century, but they survived in America’s old south.

But by the 1960s, the old south Bulldogs, which really are a mixture of different breeds, were almost at the end of their genetic road because the old farms and plantation became big agribusinesses.

A few Bulldog lovers were able to locate the last of the farm bulldogs, and they began to crossbreed them so the breed could survive.

In the early 1970s, Mr. Johnson and Mr. Scott decided to produce their own breed of American bulldog.

The Johnson breed is a wider and larger dog with an undershot jaw, pendulous lips, facial wrinkles, shorter muzzle and heavier bone mass.

The Scott breed looks like a large leggy version of a white Pit Bull.

How Much Care Does The American Bulldog Need?

Like all dogs, the American Bulldog needs love and grooming and a diet that compliments their active lifestyle.

American bulldog

Bulldogs need a diet rich in protein along with a moderate amount of fat and carbs. Some owners feed them the new dog food products that have the vitamins, minerals and organic and wholesome ingredients large, active dogs need to stay healthy.

Bulldogs are prone to genetic abnormalities, so it always a good idea to check the family history of a puppy before taking it home.

Issues like kidney and thyroid disorders, as well as nervous system issues, dysplasia, and eye protrusions, can hinder the performance and the lifespan of a bulldog as it matures.

Related: The Sprightly, Charming Miniature Husky

In terms of grooming, the short hair doesn’t need special care, but it does need frequent care.

Exercise and love are also essential ingredients in the care and health of both types of American bulldogs.

Because the American Bulldog has that farm-based mentality it’s important to let them run and play daily. It’s also important to have them interact with other dogs.

To say these Bulldogs are social butterflies would be a stretch, but they do need to walk, run, and smell their way to a healthy life just like other breeds.

Are American Bulldogs Easy To Train?

You don’t have to call Cesar Millan to train your Bulldog, but it is a good idea to read what he has to say about training an American Bulldog.

Because Bulldogs have the fight instinct in their gene pool, its best to get professional help, according to Millan.

You can try to train your Bulldog like people train a poodle or a small dog, but unless you know how to address the triggers that set a Bulldog’s emotions on fire, you could be

How Much Does A Dog With Proper Breeding Cost?

The American Bulldog is a powerful dog, and it has a powerful price tag.

Both types of dog puppies can cost at least $1,000 in some parts of the country, but it’s not usual for a Bulldog to fetch $3,000 to $4,000 when the dog’s family history is champion quality.

The price has a lot to do with Vet care a Bulldog needs to have puppies. In some cases, a C-section is necessary, and that cost is part of the price tag.

People do find Bulldogs that sell for $700 to $800 in smaller cities and rural areas, but those dogs may not have the breeding you expect.

So if you don’t mind buying the runt of the litter, or a pup that doesn’t have championship qualities, you can pay below the average price of $700.

Obviously, backyard breeders and abusive breeders try to sell pups for less, so it is important to do research before you buy either type of bulldog.

There are people who look at the lifetime cost of owning an American Bulldog. If you are one of those people, plan to spend more than $100,000 over the next sixteen years to keep your Bulldog in top shape.

This figure includes doctor visits, dog supplies, food, flea and heartworm control, treats, doggy bones, collars, leashes, training, grooming, shampoo, grooming tools, waste disposal, boarding, training aids, car restraints, doggy care, and licenses.

All You Want to Know About The Cairn Terrier Dog

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The Cairn Terrier may be a small breed of dog, but they are an active part of the family.

While they love to play, they are also smart and independent. Their foxy expression is extra lovable and their tough, weather-resistant coat can be a wide range of colors. This dog just may be the right breed for your family.

This dog is bright-eyed and always up for a good adventure.

The Cairn Terrier was originally bred in Scotland to dig into rocky areas to search for vermin.

Now, this breed is only a family pet and human companion.

If you are looking for a calm dog to stay in your lap, this might not be the right breed for you. Instead, Cairn Terriers are eager to go for long walks, play, and chase squirrels.

The Cairn Terrier Breed

Cairn Terriers only weigh about 13 pounds, but they act as if they are much bigger. They are intelligent and easy to train and sometimes even come across to be a bit stubborn.

This breed is affectionate, especially with children. Some other small breeds of dogs resist playing rough games with children, but the Cairn Terrier can hold his own in a game of tumbling.

But remember, it is always best to supervise children when they are having contact with any type of animal.

When it comes to small furry creatures, this breed goes back to its roots of searching for vermin.

This means that this breed may have a tendency to chase any small creature such as a cat or a hamster, so it is best to keep this breed leashed when going for walks.

One of the best things about the Cairn Terrier is that it is a low-maintenance dog which is best for people who do not have time to bathe their dogs more than once a week.

Cairn Terriers work best in homes where someone tends to be home a lot. They do not like to be alone for a long time and would rather be an active member of a family.

The Personality of a Cairn Terrier

While this breed is small, they are confident and therefore forget about their size.

They are independent like a typical terrier and they carry a no-nonsense attitude, however, they are friendly dogs who easily adapt to a new home, whether that is in the city or on a farm.

This breed is alert, active, and curious, making him a perfect watch dog.

Cairns are forgiving dogs after an accidental bump on the head or a step on the tail. However, it is still important to care for this breed so they are not played with too harshly by children.

This breed may snuggle with his owner for a few minutes, but they tend to stay active and move on quickly to the next distraction. Make sure to pay attention to this breed’s tendency to dig up a garden or yard due to their strong nails.

You will never need to yell at this breed or treat him with force. Instead, he will best respond to reinforcement such as praise, play, and biscuits, as long as you make sure he knows who is in charge.

Remember to be firm and consistent in your rules, and your dog will be happy to follow your lead.

Without proper training, Cairn Terriers may become bored and spend their time chewing, digging, and barking to stay occupied.

It is best to keep challenging this dog’s great brain with toys such as puzzles and involved training sessions that are ever-changing and keep him on his toes. If you love activities such as long walks and hikes, this may be the perfect dog for you.

History and Background of the Cairn Terrier

The Cairn Terrier comes from small terriers living on the Isle of Skye in Scotland.

Here, they were kept in farms and barnyards that were not infested with rats and other vermin so they were able to hunt other animals such as foxes, otters, and badgers.

In the 18th century, this breed was often referred to as either “shorthaired terriers” or “little Skye terriers.” This breed most likely is a mix between the white terrier (which no longer exists) and the black and tan terriers.

Up until the early 1870s, the terriers in Scotland were all considered Scotch Terriers and divided into only two groups: Dandie Dinmont Terriers and Skye Terriers.

The Cairn Terrier landed in the Skye Terrier category, in addition to what is now known as the Scottish Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier.

The main difference among the breeds is the color of their fur and that different breeds could be born in the same litter.

Until early in the 20th century, Cairn Terriers mostly stayed in farms and barns. After that, people started to use them as show dogs.

In 1912, they were given the name of “Cairn Terrier” which represented the stones that created landmarks in the Highlands.

Prior to 1912, Cairns were often crossed with Westies.

However, when the American Kennel Club distinguished the Cairn Terrier in 1913, the mixed breeding stopped.

Currently, Cairns rank 56th on the list of dogs registered by the American Kennel Club.

Are Cairn Terriers Playful and Fun?

They are! This breed of dog will rarely be found laying around doing nothing.

They love to play and run and go for long walks outside. They are great with children and a perfect family pet for an active family who likes to get out in nature and go on hikes and play at the park.

Cairn Terriers are also very affectionate and sociable.

This means that if you often have guests to your house, this is a great breed of dog to have to greet your guests and make them feel at home.

While they are watchdogs, Cairn Terriers really love to play and will engage with anyone who wants to play with them.

Here is a video of Cairn Terriers playing with each other. You can see how happy and engaged they are.

How Much Exercise Does A Cairn Terrier Need?

This breed loves to exercise, and it needs to be active throughout the day. If you are one to sit at home and prefer a dog to relax with you, this may not be the best choice for you.

Cairns love to run around, play with toys, and discover new scents in their neighborhoods.

Cairn Terriers can get restless if they do not get the exercise that they need, which may result in destructive behavior such as chewing shoes or other household items that aren’t dog toys.

What are the Grooming Needs of Cairn Terriers?

Cairn Terriers need to be brushed about once a week to get rid of loose and dead hair.

However, they only need to be fully bathed once every few months. Over-bathing this breed can actually cause their coarse coat to become soft, which takes away from one of their natural and finest traits.

Cairns should have their nails trimmed about three times per year.

Dental health is important to the Cairn Terrier. Their teeth should be brushed every week to help fight tartar, gum disease, and bad breath. Use a veterinarian-approved solution for ear cleaning as well.

Are Cairn Terriers Easy to Train?

These dogs are easy to train and training should start early. Cairns are quick learners, but they can be stubborn. But Cairns love food, so be sure to include treats as part of your training plan.

Be sure to use positive reinforcement and a firm, but loving touch when you train them.

It is best to begin training this breed at a young age, as soon as they find their home. Because these dogs are smart, they can begin learning when they are only eight months old.

If you wait too long to start training, you will end up with a more stubborn dog to deal with.

How Much Does a Cairn Terrier Puppy Cost?

Puppies average from $700 to $1,000. This is because these are purebred dogs that are also show dogs.

These dogs are desirable due to their family-friendly personality and their low-maintenance upkeep. Their average lifespan is 12-15 years, and there are typically 2-10 puppies in each litter.

Overall, this is a great breed of dog to consider adding to your family!

Leave us a comment about your experiences with this type of dog and what you have found to be most beneficial about raising one.

If you are looking for a family-friendly dog, look into the Cairn Terrier and give it some serious consideration.

Shiba Inu: Everything You Need To Know About This Dog

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If you know of the Shiba Inu, chances are you know of the “Doge” meme.

If not the “Doge” meme, cute YouTube videos might’ve been your introduction to the Shiba.

However you found out about the breed, one thing’s for sure: The Shiba is one of the most interesting dog breeds in the world. Before you buy one of these beautiful and spirited pooches, read on.

A Basic Overview of the Shiba Inu

As you might’ve guessed from the name, the Shiba Inu is a breed from Japan. Depending on who you ask, Shiba Inu can mean either “brushwood dog” or “little dog.”

Shibas are medium-sized pooches, with males reaching up to 16.5 inches tall and 23 pounds. They’re usually mistaken for other Japanese breeds like the Akita and Hokkaido/Ainu dog, though the Shiba is smaller than either of those.

Like the Akita and Hokkaido dog, Shibas have erect triangular ears, thick double coats, stocky bodies, and bushy tails curled over the back. Shiba coats can be red and white, black and tan, cream, sesame or pure white.

If you want to buy a Shiba for show, look for a dog with the urajiro quality. Urajiro means he has a cream or white ventral color below the cheeks, on the side of the muzzle, on the neck, on the chest, on the stomach, under the tail, and under the legs. Since the urajiro has to be clearly visible, pure white or pure cream Shibas can’t be used for show.

Shiba Inus are relatively healthy dogs. They can live up to 15 years, and are able to adapt to most environments. If you want a sturdy dog with the face of a fox and the personality of a cat, the Shiba is for you.

What is the Personality of the Shiba Inu?

In Japan, people use three words to describe the Shiba’s personality: kan-iryosei and soboku.

Kan-I means that the Shiba Inu is strong, confident and independent. He’s the sort of dog who does as he pleases, and relentlessly chases after anything that catches his fancy.

On the other hand, his kan-i is balanced out by his ryosei and soboku, which roughly translate to “good nature” and “alertness,” respectively. He is loyal and devoted, and can be good with children if he’s been socialized from an early age. However, he can also be possessive and distrustful, so be extra careful if you’re anywhere near his belongings.

Related: Good Human Foods That Can Kill Your Dog

You may have heard the infamous Shiba scream, online or personally. Despite what you might’ve been led to believe, screaming isn’t normal for Shibas. They’re usually a quiet breed, so if you hear one wailing like a banshee, it’s a sign that the Shiba hasn’t been trained properly.

Granted, the Shiba isn’t a dog for everyone. If you’re a first-time dog owner who doesn’t want to spend too much time training a pooch, the Shiba isn’t for you. But if you are patient enough to teach a willful, free-spirited dog the ways of the world (or the ways of your house, at least), you’ll find that his pluses outweigh his minuses.

History and Background of the Shiba Inu

Originally, the Shiba Inu was bred in Japan as a hunting dog. With his keen intelligence and sense of smell, he would flush out prey such as birds, boars and even bears. Because Shibas often hunted in areas that are challenging to navigate (like Japan’s mountains, for example), he needed to be fearless, adaptable, and able to think on his paws.

The Shiba Inu thrived in Japan until World War II, when the dogs were nearly wiped out by bombing raids and distemper epidemics. Luckily, the Shibas from the countryside survived, and were brought into breeding programs that allowed their populations to recover. The American Kennel Club (AKC) officially recognized the breed in 1993, and the Shiba Inu now ranks as the 45th most popular dog breed in the U.S.

Are Shiba Inus Playful and Fun?

There’s a reason the Internet loves the Shiba Inu.

As shown by the “Doge” meme, people can’t help but be drawn to the Shiba’s intelligent foxlike face. It also helps that the Shiba Inu has the personality of a cat (which, incidentally, is also an Internet darling). Combined with its cute and cuddly looks, the dog has all the makings of a viral superstar.

On the flip side, the Shiba’s idea of fun may not always match up with yours. If you want him to put his paws up in the air like he just doesn’t care, you might be disappointed to know that he, in fact, does care. And that’s where your training skills (or lack thereof) will make all the difference.

How Much Exercise Does a Shiba Inu Need?

Much like cats, Shiba Inus are easily bored. They’ll take out their nervous energy on your furniture, unless you give them some kind of physical or mental stimulation.

For example, you can walk your Shiba around the block for 30 to 45 minutes a day. You can also play ball with him, or practice obedience exercises to keep his stubbornness in check.

If you’re a mountaineer or hiker, you might be happy to know that you can take your Shiba with you. As mentioned earlier, the Shiba Inu was specially bred to navigate mountainous areas, so he won’t have too much trouble following you up treacherous slopes.

Related: Basenji Breed: Everything You Need to Know About This Dog

That said, although the Shiba isn’t a couch potato, he’s not as lively as larger dog breeds either. Give him enough exercise to keep his muscles from atrophying, but also take care not to overexert him.

Also, remember that the Shiba Inu is a hunting dog. Once he catches hold of a scent in the wild, it’s highly likely that he’ll track it down to the source. If you don’t want your Shiba to go somewhere he’s not supposed to, better get him used to a collar or harness.

What are the Grooming Needs of the Shiba Inu?

Another thing the Shiba Inu and cats have in common is his ability to keep himself clean.

It’s not unusual for a Shiba to lick himself all over. In some cases, he may even “volunteer” to groom his fellow pooches (assuming said pooch is willing, of course).

Although he has a thick, seemingly high-maintenance double coat, he’s usually odor-free and doesn’t require a lot of bathing. At most, you only need to bathe him once every three or four months. Any more than that, and you might risk drying out the natural oils that protect his skin and coat.

That said, he still needs help with grooming once in a while. Brush him once a week to remove dead or matted hair. Trim his nails every month or every two weeks, so they won’t cause him discomfort. Inspect his eyes, ears and other body parts for redness, foul odor and other signs of infection. The moment you spot any of these signs, take your pooch to the vet.

Are Shiba Inus Easy to Train?

If you’re looking for a pooch that’s easy to train, the Shiba Inu is definitely not for you. Unless you’re an experienced dog owner, it’ll be incredibly difficult to keep an adult Shiba under control.

A Shiba puppy, on the other hand, is much more manageable. He still has the natural curiosity and playfulness of youth, so he’ll be much easier to teach. Teach him like you would any other dog, i.e. by being patient, persistent and consistent. Reward him every time he does something you want, and don’t be angry when he doesn’t.

Related: The Loving Pitbull Husky Mix Or Pitsky

One of the best rewards for a Shiba is food. Being catlike, he won’t necessarily respond to obvious displays of affection. But if you have a tasty treat in hand, you pretty much have him wrapped around your finger. Be careful not to overfeed him, though: His medium-sized knees will buckle under the excess weight.

Apart from early training, socialization and good breeding also make a Shiba Inu more manageable. Before you buy a Shiba puppy, check if he has a family history of aggression and bad behavior.

How Much Does a Shiba Inu Puppy Cost?

Nowadays, you can expect to pay between $1,200 to $2,500 for a Shiba Inu. Some breeders charge even higher than that, especially if the dog comes from a superior lineage.

For a Shiba Inu’s annual upkeep, prepare to shell out $1,641 at the minimum. That’s the average cost for food ($220), spaying/neutering ($250-$500), vet expenses, training, supplies and other things to keep your Shiba happy.

If you don’t want to shell out thousands of dollars upfront, you can also adopt a Shiba from a shelter. For $330 to $500, you may be able to get a dog who’s already been vaccinated and registered. A shelter Shiba’s temperament may not be as manageable as you like, though.

As far as dogs go, Shibas are an acquired taste. For starters, they have personalities that aren’t always a match for their owners. But if you’re lucky enough to win their loyalty and respect, Shiba Inus can be one of the best friends you can have for life.

Everything You Want to Know About the French Bulldog

If you don’t think bat ears and flat faces are adorable, the French Bulldog might just change your mind.

Also known as “Frenchies,” French Bulldogs are proof that you don’t have to be a conventional beauty to stand out.

All you need is a fun personality, a somewhat independent streak, and a genuine love of people — just like the pooch we’re about to discuss below.

A Basic Overview of the French Bulldog

Aside from their bat ears, Frenchies have plenty of other things going for them.

For one, their small size means they can fit right in with apartments and similar spaces. They also have very soft barks, which is great if you want to stay in your neighbors’ good graces.

Frenchies are literally a colorful bunch, coming in various combinations of black, brindle, fawn and sable. They can reach up to 12 inches (1 foot) at the shoulder, weigh anywhere between 16 to 28 pounds, and live from 12 to 16 years of age.

Being true-blue urbanites, French Bulldogs are at their happiest when they’re around “their” human.

Whether they mean to or not, they’ll always find ways to put you in a good mood when you’re around them. It’s no wonder, then, that these dogs currently rank fourth on the American Kennel Club’s (AKC) 2017 most popular dog breeds list.

What is the Personality of the French Bulldog?

“Easygoing” is one way to describe a typical Frenchie. As soon as he gets his paws on your couch, he’ll be snuggling into it faster than you can say, “Down, boy.”

He’s not always lazy, though. If he feels like it, he can be playful and mischievous given the opportunity. (Just ask anyone who’s ever uploaded a funny video/made a meme out of a Frenchie’s face.)

Frenchies can get along with just about anyone, including little children. But be careful not to let him see you with other dogs. He’ll only be too happy to tell the other pup to back off!

Related: What Is The Price Of A Pomeranian?

If you want to bring another pooch into the house, make sure you socialize your Frenchie with the newcomer ASAP. The sooner your Frenchie learns that the newcomer isn’t too bad (read: competition for your affection), the better.

Despite his possessive tendencies, the Frenchie is no guard dog. His barks aren’t very loud, so you won’t be immediately alerted to any unwanted intruders.

On the other hand, low-volume barking means you’re less likely to be showered with complaints from the neighbors. If you have a Frenchie, and you live in a secure apartment complex or condominium, his guarding abilities (or the lack thereof) shouldn’t be much of a problem.

History and Background of the French Bulldog

Despite their name, Frenchies actually came from England. They’re related to the English Bulldog, which was bred as a toy dog for Nottingham’s lace workers around the 19th century.

When the Industrial Revolution occurred, some of these lace workers moved to France, taking their dogs along with them. The French were so captivated by the pooches, they started requesting puppies in droves. Many of the requesters happened to be members of high society, and soon the breed became a status symbol.

By the late 19th century, Frenchies made their way across the Atlantic into the U.S. There, like their European counterparts, Frenchies caught the attention of the likes of J.P. Morgan and the Rockefeller families, which further reinforced the breed’s association with the rich.In 1912, the American Kennel Club officially recognized them as separate from the English Bulldog. At that point, they had earned the name “French Bulldog” before eventually becoming the loveable, unconventionally charming pooch we know today.

Are French Bulldogs Playful and Fun?

As laid-back as they are, there’s a reason French Bulldogs are also known as “clown dogs.”

When they’re not taking up their share of the couch, they’re probably coming up with all sorts of ways to make you laugh.

They’ll mimic any sound you want them to mimic, roll over and show off their beautiful bellies, and make the most hilarious facial expressions.

Being tiny bundles of joy, Frenchies are ideal companions for little kids (and for parents who don’t want to worry about said kids getting knocked over).

You may still want to supervise your pooch around your children since sharp teeth and soft baby skin don’t exactly go together.

Overall, Frenchies are a great mix of cool and collected. If you’re looking for a dog that knows when to hit the sack and when to party, look no further.

How Much Exercise Does A French Bulldog Need?

If you’re not the sort who likes to hit the gym, no worries: The French Bulldog is more than happy to accommodate your laidback lifestyle.

At most, Frenchies need only a moderate amount of exercise. A daily trip around the block will suffice, though the young ones may be a bit more energetic than their adult counterparts.

If you have an over-enthusiastic Frenchie pup, give him time and space to run around your yard. You can also do indoor exercises if you don’t have a yard (provided you clear out the furniture first!).

Related: The Highly Intelligent German Shepherd Border Collie Mix

Regardless, make sure your Frenchie gets a good dose of Vitamin D every now and then.

Even with pups, you don’t want them to overexert themselves. If your Frenchie is panting too loudly or showing other signs that he can’t take the heat anymore, give him some cool water right away.

Bear in mind that your pooch’s exercise needs will vary according to personality, as well as age. Pay close attention to your Frenchie, watch out for signs that they’re getting bored (like chewing on your slippers), and invite them out for a quick walk.

What are the Grooming Needs of the French Bulldog?

Because they have short coats and don’t shed very often, French Bulldogs are fairly easy to groom. You only need to brush them about once or twice a week to keep their coat soft and smooth.

When you do brush them, make sure to watch out for signs of skin infections like lesions, flakes, and scabs. If you spot any of these, take your Frenchie to the vet as soon as you can. Other red flags to watch out for are smells or discharge coming from the eyes, ears and mouth.

To prevent ear infections, clean your Frenchie’s ears regularly with a soft, damp cloth. Do the same for the eyes and face. Take care not to stick anything directly into sensitive parts, like the inside of the ear canal, nostrils and eyeballs.

Clean their teeth regularly as well. Use a brush and toothpaste specially made for dogs. You can find these in most decent pet stores.

Give their nails a trim every now and then. A good way to tell whether a dog needs their nails trimmed is when they start making clicking noises on the floor. If you’re uncomfortable with this process, you can always take your Frenchie to a professional groomer.

Are French Bulldogs Easy to Train?

They are — to a point.

On the one hand, Frenchies are pretty smart, easily picking up basic commands like “Sit,” “Stay” and “Heel.” On the other hand, they can also be pretty stubborn. The moment they realize that they can say “No” to you, they’re not going to budge an inch.

That’s why, when you take them home (preferably as puppies), you need to show them who’s boss from the get-go. Be firm and consistent with house rules, but don’t forget to be patient and positive.

Related: All About The Shepadoodle Or German Shepherd Poodle Mix

One of the first things a Frenchie should learn is how to stay in a crate. Since Frenchies love people a little too much, they can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for too long. If you want them to stay calm when you’re not around, crate training is one of the best ways to help.

You’ll also want to give them a hand with potty training. Frenchies have narrow hips, so they can’t excrete as easily as other dogs can.

Once they show signs of wanting to answer the call of nature (like leaning back on their buttocks for a few seconds), take them outside, let them relieve themselves in the right place, and give them a treat for a job well done.

How Much Does a French Bulldog Puppy Cost?

The cost for a French Bulldog puppy depends on a lot of factors, like where you live, whether the pup comes with papers or not, and how rare the pup’s color is.

For example, let’s say you’re in the East Coast. Assuming you’re fine with common colors for Frenchies like cream, black, and brindle, you can expect to pay between $1,400 and $2,000. For pups with “unicorn” colors like purple or black-and-tan, the price will be much higher.

You also need to factor in the costs of caring for a French Bulldog puppy. At the minimum, if you include food, supplies, trips to the vet and heartworm exams, you’ll probably spend an additional $2,000 per year. In other words, if you want a Frenchie, prepare to fork out a lot of money.

With their fun personalities and crinkly-eyed charm, Frenchies can worm their way into your heart before you know it. If you plan to have one of these pooches, or you already do and want to share your experience, let’s talk in the comments below!

The Poodle: Miniature, Standard, And Toy Sizes

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The poodle may look like a prissy pooch, but we assure you it’s anything but.

Whether standard, miniature or toy-sized, the poodle is a bundle of talent, energy, and personality wrapped in a fluffy package.

Although they’re mainstays at dog shows, poodles can also be found hunting waterfowl, performing agility feats, and warming the hearts of celebrities.

Should you want this dog around, here’s a quick overview of all three poodle types.

A Basic Overview of the Poodle

The poodle breed comes in three sizes: Standard, Miniature, and Toy.

The Standard is the largest and oldest of the three, with some owners still using them to retrieve game. Miniatures have also been (and are still being) used as hunting dogs, while Toys are companion dogs through and through. All three share the elaborate, puffed-up coats that characterize the breed.

Unlike most dogs, the poodle doesn’t have an undercoat. Instead, it has a single layer of fur that comes in a variety of textures and colors. Some poodle coats are fluffy and wavy, while others are woolly and coarse.

Despite looking like walking bundles of fur, poodles are surprisingly hypoallergenic. That’s because their hair grows in such a way that shedding and dander are kept to a minimum.

Still, it won’t hurt poodle owners to give their carpets a quick clean, in case stray bits of hair happen to trigger sensitive family members.

What is the Personality of the Poodle?

Poodles have the sort of personality found in well-liked celebrities: elegant but not stiff, playful but not obnoxious, and intelligent yet eager to please.

There are slight differences between the personalities of the standard, miniature and toy poodle, however.

In general, Standards are the most reserved of the three, while Miniatures are the most active. If you have small children, the Toy is probably the most suitable, since their size makes them less likely to hurt infants and toddlers — even if they’re jumping all over the place.

Related: All You Should Know About The German Shepherd Pitbull Mix

Speaking of jumping, poodles love to jump. In fact, they love anything that lets them lose a bit of steam. As long as you keep their paws busy, they’re not likely to get bored and destructive.

For example, poodles work quite well as guard dogs, even if they don’t look the part. They’re quite protective of their “pack,” and they will bark if think there’s anything strange going on. They’re not aggressive though, so don’t expect them to scare off any unwanted intruders.

Although they’re sociable, poodles can take them a while to warm up to a complete stranger. Once they do, their true selves come out: loving, intelligent and absolutely delightful pooches.

History and Background of the Poodle

It’s not really clear where the poodle came from. According to the Kennel Clubs in the U.K. and the U.S., the breed can trace its origins to a type of German hunting dog.

They cite the fact that the name “poodle” comes from the German word Pudel (“to splash in water”), which is appropriate given what the dog was used for.

However, the Belgium-based Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) disagrees, saying that the breed comes from the French Barbet. Germany, being an FCI member, concurs, and the poodle currently holds the honor of being France’s national dog.

Whatever its origins, it’s clear that the poodle was popular in Europe. Artists such as Albrecht Dürer and Francisco Goya have all tried to capture the breed’s beauty in their portraits.

The poodle has since inspired many other beautiful breeds like the Standard and Miniature Schnauzers, as well as the Bichon group of dogs.

Are Poodles Playful and Fun?

Make no mistake: This pooch is no slouch when it comes to fun.

Thanks to their hunting dog ancestry, poodles are active, trainable and always on the lookout for something to do. You can count on them to spice up the most boring days, so long as you’re willing to indulge them.

The best way to have fun with your poodle is to figure out which activities they enjoy the most. For example, does your poodle like to play fetch? Brisk walks? Sniffing out hidden items around the house? Let them do what they love, but switch things up once in a while.

Can’t think of things for your pooch to do? No problem: Just let them be as silly as they can be. After all, that’s what poodles do best!

How Much Exercise Does A Poodle Need?

When it comes to poodles, exercise requirements vary depending on age.

For puppies three months old and younger, you can give them daily walks for up to 15 minutes per day.

Once they reach four months, bump it up to 20 minutes (which can be split into ten-minute increments), and 25 minutes for five-month olds, and so on. A good rule of thumb is to add five minutes for every month your poodle ages.

Be careful not to over-exercise your puppy, however. Their bones are still growing and developing, and if they get injured at that stage in their life, that could lead to serious problems later on.

Related: The Adorable Corgi German Shepherd Mix

As for grown-up poodles, they should at least have an hour of exercise each day. You can divide that hour into 20- or 30-minute increments — one block in the morning, another in the afternoon, and the last one in the evening.

Even elderly poodles need to stretch their legs. Like their human counterparts, aging dogs can benefit from physical activity, which helps them increase muscle mass and decrease joint discomfort.

In case you’re concerned about over-exerting your pooch, ask a vet for more information.

brown poodle on grass poodle

What are the Grooming Needs of Poodles?

As you can imagine, grooming a poodle takes a bit of work.

Even for the simplest coat styles, you’ll have to brush, clip and trim your poodle’s fur on a regular basis. Otherwise, your pooch will have to deal with some nasty skin infections — not to mention a nasty vet bill.

When caring for poodle coats, keep in mind that they have very curly hair. In other words, if your poodle sheds, there’s a good chance the shed hair will mat or tangle. And if your poodle has a lot of matted or tangled hair, you might have to shear his hair like a sheep’s.

Luckily, it is possible to groom a poodle at home. You’ll need a shampoo and conditioner for baths, a towel to keep them dry, and a brush to keep their hair in tiptop condition.

Bathe your poodle thoroughly, and check for anything unusual (e.g. skin infections) while you’re at it. Then, using a 100% cotton towel — preferably Egyptian or American pima — pat your poodle’s fur the way you’d pat your face when applying powder. Be careful not to rub the towel if you don’t want to deal with a lot of tangling.

At the same time, brush your poodle’s hair such that it will puff up by itself naturally. Simultaneous drying and brushing ensure that your pooch’s coat stays supple and beautiful. Of course, if you’re not sure about your grooming skills, you can always leave it to the pros.

small white poodle

Are Poodles Easy to Train?

Looks aren’t the only reason poodles rank as the 7th most popular dog breed.

Smart, energetic and eager to please, poodles are one of the easiest breeds to train. They can pick up almost any trick you teach them, provided you teach in a way that emphasizes positive reinforcement over brute force.

Poodles are sensitive dogs and will not respond to being hit or shouted at.

On the flip side, high intelligence can translate to stubbornness if training isn’t done properly. Therefore, we recommend putting obedience training on top of your list of things to teach your poodle.

Obedience training involves teaching your poodle to follow commands like “Sit,” “Down,” “Stay,” and “Come,” as well as helping them get used to a leash.

If your pooch is feeling adventurous, you can sign him up for agility competitions. These competitions can involve tunnels, jumps, obstacles and the sort.

Of course, you’ll have to give your dog some preliminary training at home before you have him perform for a crowd.

Don’t forget the basics like crate and potty training. The earlier your poodle learns these, the easier it’ll be to keep him around for the long term.

How Much Does a Poodle Puppy Cost?

For AKC-registered standard poodles, the cost can range from $400 to $2,000 per puppy. If you’re looking at a pedigreed pooch, you’ll probably shell out as much as $3,000.

Naturally, the Miniature and Toy versions are easier on the bank, with prices capped at $1,500 and $1,100 respectively.

You’ll also have to prepare for extra costs such as grooming, vet checkups, accessories, food, supplies and dental cleaning. On average, these can total between $500 to $2,000 per year.

It’s important to note that these figures aren’t set in stone. The actual price will vary depending on factors such as breeder, color, size, bloodline, and age.

Overall, the poodle is a perfect blend of elegant and entertaining. For those of you who’ve had first-hand experience with this breed (or would love to), share your thoughts in the comments!